What is Considered Hazardous Cargo?

3 Mins read

Many of the items we use daily represent a threat to airplanes, even though we seldom think about it. Lithium batteries, dry ice, and aerosol whipped cream, to name a few examples, are considered hazardous commodities. Even though many materials seem safe, they may be harmful when delivered by air. Incorrect handling of these materials may result in leaks, poisonous gasses, a fire, or even an explosion. Potential hazards are vibrations, static electricity, temperature, and pressure changes. Go Hazmat Hub follows all-important precautionary measures to safely transport hazardous cargo.

What are Hazmat goods?

A dangerous good (also known as a hazardous material or hazmat) is any substance or material that has the potential to pose an undue risk to human health, safety, or property when transferred in interstate or international commerce. It is essential to recognize hazardous items as soon as possible to implement proper packaging, communication, handling, and storage to minimize the dangers caused by the product.

According to the United States Department of Transportation, hazardous products are classified depending on the substance’s specific chemical and physical qualities. To determine whether or not your product is potentially dangerous, request a Safety Data Sheet (SDS) from the manufacturer and carefully read the section under “Transportation Information.” This might give significant insight into the dangers associated with the transportation of your items.

Commodities are deemed hazardous

Several household items categorized as hazardous compounds may surprise you, including aerosol sprays, perfume, and anything containing lithium batteries, such as mobile phones and laptop computers.

Nine different types of harmful commodities

Dangerous items are classified into nine categories, with a few subcategories within each category. The classification of your product will influence the way it is packaged, labeled, and transported.

1.      explosives

It might be anything from pyrotechnics to airbag modules (for example, flares).

2.      Flammable gas

Spray cans of aerosols (such as camping gas or aerosols such as spray deodorant, spray paint, hairspray, and whipped cream in cans)

3.      Gas that is not combustible

Compressed oxygen, nitrous oxide (laughing gas), or compressed carbon dioxide cylinders for carbonating water are all examples of compressed gases.

4.      Toxic gas

Examples include insect spray and oxygen difluoride.

5.      Flammable Liquids

This includes solvents, paints, nail polish, and nail polish remover.

6.      Peroxides of organic origin

The use of hydrogen peroxide for bleaching hair, two-component adhesives (glue), or fiberglass repair kits are examples of this.

7.      Toxic chemicals.

Like insecticides (both in solid and liquid form) are examples of toxic chemicals.

8.      Infectious Contaminants

Examples include blood tests, tissue samples, cell samples, and biopsies utilized in medical research.

9.      Contaminated with radioactive substances

Examples include smoke alarms and medicinal isotopes.

Hazardous cargo safety

Hazardous cargo presents a threat to many people, including cargo handlers, packers, equipment operators, transporters, and staff in charge of the paperwork. Their safety is dependent on their level of awareness and training.

It is essential that all of these individuals get adequate training, and not only in their specialized jobs. They must be familiar with the rules governing the shipment, the port, the destination country, the paperwork, and the reporting requirements.

Training requirements are provided in the IATA DGR, the IMDG Code, the ADR, the RID, and the ADN, among other documents. Alternatively, training may be provided in-house or via online courses and seminars.

There are five categories of training: general awareness, function-specific training, safety and security training, and driver training, to name a few examples.

Some of the most significant and often used papers in the transportation of hazardous products are as follows:

Except for the most basic information, the Material Safety Data Sheet contains the physical and chemical properties of the goods (melting and boiling points), reactivity, toxicity, and effect on human health, as well as first aid and firefighting guidelines as requirements for protective equipment. It is supplied to the shipper by the manufacturer/supplier of the goods, who then submits it to the carrier for delivery.

Shippers that want to send hazardous goods to a carrier must file a dangerous goods request (DG request) or risky cargo request when they approach the page with their consignment.

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